BISS ACAMIS Model United Nations 2010
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BISS ACAMIS Model United Nations 2010

The first BISS ACAMIS Model United Nations will be hosted at BISS Pudong on Saturday, 27 February 2010.


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Brief Summary

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1 Brief Summary on Sat Feb 06, 2010 11:29 pm

The International Community has long agreed that current methods of producing energy has caused adverse harms to the environment. Staring in 1997 with the Kyoto Protocol, the International has embarked on a journey to start reducing traditional forms of producing energy and turning to sustainable ones. This is further highlighted in the Millennium Development Goal 7 in 2000.

While a majority of the MEDCs have agreed to reduce emissions, some countries unwillingness to make a huge compromise has been a problem. While the EU pledged a 20% reduction of 1990 levels by 2020, the USA pledged a 17% reduction based on 2005 levels equivalent to a 3.4% reduction based on 1990 levels. Some LEDCs such as China are quickly catching up in terms of economic levels but at the expense of the environment. The Chinese has overtaken the Americans in total carbon emissions. Some other issues includes the strong reliance on fossil fuels, and therefore reluctance to use other forms of energy. Expensive, inefficient and sometimes inadequate technology with regards to sustainable energy are yet more issues that need to be solved. Also, due to economic reasons, subsidies are giving to the commonly used fossil fuel in many MEDCs. This encourages the population at large to continue employing the use of fossil fuels like petrol.

However, it must be noted that countries are also paying much more attention to sustainable development. It was reported in June 2009 that the global investment in sustainable energy has overtaken the global investment is non-renewable energy.

NGOs and UNOs that are involved in making the Earth a greener place include the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Greenpeace and Friends of the Earth.

The most recent development on the issue is the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) 15th Conference of the Parties (COP15) meeting in Copenhagen in December last year, commonly known as the Copenhagen Conference. The parties reached the Copenhagen Accord where MEDCs have agreed to cut emissions levels, and LEDCs will implement mitigation actions. The exact list of actions of MEDCs can be found here: http://unfccc.int/home/items/5264.php. The LEDCs actions can be found here: http://unfccc.int/home/items/5265.php. The Copenhagen Green Climate Fund was also established as a financial mechanism to support related projects, programmes, policies and other activities.

Another recent development on the part of the MEDCs came from the EU. 9 EU countries have jointly came together and announced a plan to unite and build a renewable energy 'supergrid'. This Northsea supergrid would unite the wind turbines of Scotland, solar panels of Germany, tidal-power of Belgian and Danish coasts, and hydro-electric dams of Norway. This ambitious plan would be made up of network of thousands of kilometres of undersea cable to provide the region with energy. This solves one major issue of renewable energy - unreliability. No matter the weather, this supergrid would serve to provide a constant flow of energy to these nine countries, an important step in achieving the EU pledge that by 2020, 20% of its energy will come from renewable sources. This, however, will cost the nine nations 30 billion euros. These nine countries include Germany, France, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Denmark, Sweden, Ireland and the UK. Another possible EU plan is to harness the solar energy hitting the Sahara.

While so many actions are already taking place, delegates need to come up with creative ideas that will accelerate the process. Remember that our priority is on the reduction of fossil fuels. How can we do this? How can we effectively share information? This are just a few questions we need to address. Very Happy

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